Buying a Home in a Seller’s Market

Acquiring a new property involves a substantial investment and it must not be taken lightly. The prospective owners must identify a property that could possibly be their home for a long time to come. It is best to be thoroughly prepared before you go ahead with buying a residential property. Here are the dos and don’t of buying in a seller’s market.


Learn About the Available Financing Options

One of the initial things you need to do when purchasing a home is to speak to a qualified lender to learn about your eligibility for being preapproved for a mortgage loan. This prevents you from falling in love with a home that is beyond your budget. Gaining preapproval also helps save a significant amount of time during the process of closing, and it gives you an advantage in a competitive market where there could be multiple bids on the property you want.

The below-mentioned steps will help you better comprehend your finances:

  • Be Mindful of Your Credit Score: Your credit score greatly affects your down payment as well as monthly mortgage payments.
  • Get Preapproval for a Mortgage: Be aware of what your budget is before even starting to look for a home.
  • Pay Attention to Your Savings: Understand that you will typically require more money, besides the down payment, for your home purchase transaction.
  • Understand your Financing Options: Review the financing options available to you and choose one that suits your requirements.

Hold Negotiations with the Seller

Neither should the thought of negotiations create fear in the buyer’s heart, nor should it promote aggressive conduct. They should focus on building relationships, being forthright, and arriving at a mutually agreeable outcome.

Upon becoming familiar with the idea of negotiating and understanding that it is meant to be mutually beneficial, don’t procrastinate. You don’t want to wait too long before starting negotiations. Desirable properties will not stay on the market for long in the current environment. Thus, a little hesitation may withhold you from purchasing a property that fits your criteria.

Believe in the research you have undertaken to make an offer based on the data you have. Further, you may want to engage a legal professional who is more knowledgeable on the process of negotiation. With them on your side, all parties will experience a smoother transaction.

Work with a Knowledgeable Real Estate Attorney

Alabama is one of the few states that requires a licensed real estate lawyer to draft and prepare all legal paperwork involved in a real estate transaction. “Legal documents” encompass titles, deeds, termite letters, Powers of Attorney, etc.

Besides compliance with state law, there are various excellent reasons to work with a lawyer throughout the real estate transaction process. Following are some examples of when it is a good idea to have a lawyer on your side:

  • When you must negotiate over who pays for repairs after a home inspection uncovers the need for expensive repair work.
  • When a property has an unlawful unit with an existing tenant whom you want to evict.
  • When you want to enter into a rent-to-buy agreement.
  • When you have concerns about specific language in your purchase agreement.

In addition, seasoned lawyers have connections with reputable surveyors, inspectors, loan brokers, and other local professionals. You may not anticipate a surveyor’s need, but if a problem arises with boundaries, it will make sense to have the right professional on call for a fast and fair assessment.


Don’t Forget about the Home Inspection

Meticulous attention to detail is necessary for real estate investing. Investors are advised to personally supervise every facet of their transactions, with no exceptions. If the seller provides you with an inspection report, thank them for their effort, but clarify that you will need to conduct an inspection of your own.

Once the inspection starts, inspectors will check for problems or malfunctions in the home’s systems. Their assessment will include, but is not limited to the following:

  • Roofing
  • Structural damage
  • Drainage problems
  • Grading
  • HVAC system
  • Plumbing
  • Surrounding land
  • Retaining walls
  • Pest control

Don’t Rush

A sure recipe for disaster is rushing into a purchase. You will be unable to view the process in an objective manner by neglecting to undertake due diligence. In fact, you may be turning a blind eye to aspects that need the most attention. By the time you are ready to purchase the property, your investment is already at risk.

An understanding of the housing market is the key to remaining patient during a real estate transaction. Savvy buyers understand that properties will come and go. However, it is better to pass on a home rather than rush into a transaction unprepared. That being said, you do need to be ready to move more quickly during a seller’s market, so be ready to make an offer once you have decided that the property you are considering fits your criteria.

Work with Experienced Real Estate Attorneys

The seasoned attorneys at the law offices of Davis, Bingham, Hudson & Buckner, P.C. provide real estate closing services, with or without the assistance of realtors, as well as a full range of real estate services. Our legal team provides skilled legal counsel, we are a highly acclaimed legal practice in Auburn, AL, for real estate transactions. For a no-obligation consultation with one of our attorneys, call today at (334) 821-1908.

What Does a Real Estate Attorney Do for The Buyer?

Purchasing a home is likely the most significant investment you will ever make. Along with hiring a real estate agent to assist you negotiate the transaction, you might consider a real estate attorney to guide you through the legal process. Real estate lawyers specialize in matters pertaining to property, ranging from transactions to handling conflicts between parties.

Why should Buyers work with a Real Estate Attorney?

A real estate attorney can ensure that the transaction is seamless with minimal risk. They can assist the prospective buyer in various areas such as identifying the best property, dealing with brokers, writing and reviewing purchase agreements, negotiating and executing a contract sale, obtaining a mortgage and attending the closing of the mortgage where the deed is transferred, among other areas.

In most states, basic transactions do not warrant hiring a real estate lawyer. However, there are still many cases where a lawyer is not only helpful but essential. When purchasing a new property, you should work with a lawyer if:

  • The property has physical damages
  • You are from out of town
  • There is an unlawful dwelling on the property, such as an in-law unit
  • The bank owns the land
  • The area is prone to tempestuous weather (tornados, hurricanes, floods, etc.)
  • You need to back out of a contract
  • You need to evict tenants

Why Buyers Should Work with a Real Estate Lawyer at Closing

In Alabama and a few other states, a licensed real estate lawyer is required to draft and prepare all legal paperwork involved in a real estate transaction. “Legal documents” includes deeds, Power of Attorney, titles, Termite Letters, etc.

This law was set up in 1983 when a title company gave multiple buyers title as joint tenants with the right of survivorship when they thought they had given the purchasers title as tenants in common. Understandably, this led to complications for the buyers in later years. Therefore, Alabama decided to limit the preparation of legal documentation to a licensed attorney.

Besides remaining compliant with state law, there are some other good reasons to engage a lawyer throughout the real estate transaction process. Following are a few examples of when it makes sense to work with a real estate attorney:

  • When you need to decide who pays for repairs after a home inspection reveals costly problems
  • When a residential property has an unlawful in-law unit with an existing tenant whom you want to evict
  • When you want to enter a rent-to-buy agreement
  • When you are concerned about specific language in your purchase agreement

In relation to this, seasoned lawyers have links with reputable mortgage loan brokers, surveyors, inspectors, and other professions in the region. While you may not anticipate a surveyor’s need, if a problem arises with boundaries, it would be prudent to have an expert on call for a fast and fair evaluation.

Closing Checklist: Your Alabama Real Estate Lawyer Can Help with it

The entire real estate transaction process involves various complex and unique aspects, but the closing process presents the maximum challenges. An inexperienced buyer can easily make a mistake, and at this point, mistakes can be crippling, leading to last-minute conflict and unnecessary expenses. It’s possible to avoid such mistakes and make sure the entire real estate closing process goes seamlessly by working with a competent Alabama real estate attorney.

There are several key documents involved in the closing process, and many of these documents need to be completed before closing. Documents to be completed before the closing include:

  • A copy of the signed contract, including all addendums
  • Complete contact details for all parties involved, including buyers, sellers, and realtors
  • HOA contact details and guidelines
  • Full contact details of all brokers, bankers, and lenders
  • All information pertaining to the loan payoff for the seller, including details on the loan, social security numbers of purchases, and account numbers
  • The results of survey and home inspection, if required
  • Information on Home Warranty, if applicable
  • A copy of the Termite Letter, if required
  • Copies of wills, deeds, mortgages, Powers of Attorney, trusts, or other complete documents associated with the transaction
  • Buyer’s hazard insurance provider contact details
  • Approval letter for one or both parties to use a Power of Attorney during the transaction
  • A list of repairs that need to be undertaken prior to closing and/or invoices for repairs, if applicable

Each of the following documents must be presented before the signing of any real estate transaction. Both parties must present the below documents at the time of closing:

  • Current driver’s licenses for the purpose of identification
  • Tax ID information and/or social security number of both seller and buyer
  • Proof of bank wire or certification of funds for all closing funds from the buyer
  • Approved, original, and notarized Power of Attorney

Work with an Experienced Real Estate Attorney in Alabama

One of the most valuable investments of your life is purchasing a home. If you are buying a property in AL, trust the seasoned real estate attorneys at Davis, Bingham, Hudson, Buckner, P.C. We understand that buying property is both exhilarating and daunting. Our established attorneys will handle all the complexities involved in the transaction so you can enjoy the excitement of acquiring new property. Call us today at (334) 821-1908 to speak to one of our attorneys.


What Does a Real Estate Attorney Do for The Seller?

In Alabama, leading real estate lawyers will assess the mounds of daunting documents involved in your residential property sale with a fine-tooth comb to catch errors and protect your best interests every step of the way. In the initial stages of your sale, you can ask them to evaluate the listing agreement with your real estate agent to ensure that the terms are favorable to you.

AL real estate lawyers can also review offers as they come in as well as identify tax benefits and considerations or any red flags. After you are past the offer stage, real estate lawyers will draft contracts and review the title, mortgage, and transfer paperwork. They will also write the deed and check the final breakdown of settlement funds at closing.

Besides the above, if an unanticipated complication were to stall your transaction, such as a lien or judgment on the title, or a question regarding a disclosure, your Alabama real estate lawyer will represent you and manage it so that the deal can move forward. A lawyer adds an extra layer of scrutiny to ensure that the deal closes seamlessly and no legal matters come to light after the sale.
Why Engage a Real Estate Lawyer When Selling an Alabama Property?

In Alabama and a few other states, a licensed real estate lawyer is required to draft and prepare all legal paperwork involved in a real estate deal, whether selling or buying. The legal documents that an attorney is required to prepare include titles, deeds, termite letters, and Power of Attorney, among others.

Apart from remaining compliant with Alabama law, there are various other good reasons to work with a lawyer throughout the real estate selling process. Following are just some examples of when it is nice to have an experienced lawyer on your side:

  • When you need to negotiate over who pays for repairs after a home inspection reveals costly concerns
  • When a property has an unlawful in-law unit with an existing tenant whom you may want to evict
  • When you want to enter a rent-to-buy contract
  • When you are concerned about specific language in your purchase agreement

In addition, Alabama real estate lawyers will have connections with reputable surveyors, mortgage loan brokers, inspectors, and other local professionals. While you may not anticipate a surveyor’s requirement, it would be good to have the right professional on call for a fast and fair evaluation if a problem arises with boundaries.

These Situations Call for a Skilled AL Real Estate Lawyer

Certain real estate transactions are more complicated than others. The following special situations could trigger an avalanche of problems that put your residential property sale at risk. In these kinds of cases, a real estate lawyer’s professional expertise is vital to ensure that the deal stays on track.

Did you get a foreclosure notice?

If you are facing foreclosure, you should promptly contact a lawyer. Under the law, the foreclosure can be prevented by getting an injunction. However, it takes time, and the more time you have, the better it is.

In case you believe that your home may be foreclosed upon or if you have already received a foreclosure notice, consult a real estate lawyer. You may be able to sell your property as a short sale or negotiate the terms of your mortgage with the assistance of a legal professional.

Is a short sale something you are considering?

A short sale takes place when you sell your home for less than the amount owed on your mortgage. Thus, the lender must approve a short sale after you show that you are not financially capable of paying the mortgage due to hardship, and a lawyer can assist you in doing so.

If you believe that you may qualify for a short sale, identify a real estate agent and a lawyer specializing in short sales to guide you through the process.

Are there liens and judgments on your title?

A lien refers to a notice attached to your property’s title that claims you owe money to a lender. Creditors can obtain permission to place involuntary liens against your property for any loans you owe them. Further, the county can place a lien for outstanding amounts such as property taxes. Involuntary liens also include those for unpaid judgments (lawsuits), jobs, or child support.

As these liens are attached to the property’s title, the sale cannot go through unless you clear them.

A lawyer can assist you in clearing the title of liens and judgments and negotiate with lenders.

Other Special Circumstances where an AL Real Estate Lawyer Can Help

  • You are selling on behalf of the deceased owner
  • You are going through a separation or divorce
  • You have tenants leasing the property
  • You have reason to believe your property sale could get complex

Consult an Alabama Real Estate Lawyer When You Make the Decision to Purchase or Sell

If you plan to purchase or sell real estate in Alabama, it would be best to consult a real estate closing attorney on retainer-basis. The skilled and knowledgeable real estate attorneys at the law offices of Davis, Bingham, Hudson, Buckner, P.C., will guide you at every step of the real estate transaction. Call today at (334) 821-1908 to speak to a member of our legal team.

Legal Options for Alabama Landlords When Tenants Can’t Pay Rent During COVID-19

With the expiration of the federal CARES Act eviction moratorium, it is no longer applicable to tenants, which means that the landlord must provide the tenant an eviction notice of:

  • A minimum of 30 days
  • The eviction notice must be dated post-July 25th, 2020
  • The landlord must let the tenant know about the outstanding rent and offer them an opportunity to pay it

A landlord cannot charge late fees for between March 27th, 2020, and July 25th, 2020. If, after that time, the rent remains unpaid, an Alabama landlord can file an Unlawful Detainer against the defaulting tenant in court.

Legal Channels to Eviction: Unlawful Detainer versus Failure to Vacate

Alabama offers landlords two provisions for evicting tenants, namely, unlawful detainer or failure to vacate. The landlord can pursue any one of these two routes. In unlawful detainer proceedings (which fall in the category of civil eviction), the landlord will need to provide the tenant with a written notice to vacate the premises. After the notice period’s expiration, if the tenant has still not left the property, the landlord can file a lawsuit against the tenant.

The proceedings for failure to vacate (criminal proceedings) necessitate that the landlord provides the tenant with ten days of written notice to vacate the property. Such eviction can happen only in case the tenant defaults on rent. If the tenant fails to evict the property after the ten-day warning period, the landlord may seek help from the courts. The tenant might be charged with a misdemeanor and may need to pay up to $25 per day for the time they remain on the premises, besides rent owed.

On the other hand, the eviction is not over after the expiration of the notice period in the case of an unlawful detainer. In fact, the process begins at this point. If the tenant does not vacate the premises on their own upon notice period expiry, the landlord must then undertake the below to regain rights to their property:

Serve a 7, 14, or 30-Day Notice

The eviction process starts with a landlord submitting written notice in person or through a process server detailing the reasons for the eviction. In cases of non-payment of rent, a seven-day notice is acceptable. For breaking lease terms, a 14-day notice is necessary. A 30-day notice is required for month-to-month lease agreements.

The notice period offers tenants a chance to “cure” the indiscretion (clear the rent amount or resolve the issue). If rent arrears are the problem, and the tenant pays the outstanding amount or a lesser amount mutually agreed upon by the landlord and tenant, the notice becomes void.

File and Serve a Summons and Complaint for Unlawful Detainer

If the notice period elapses without the tenant trying to cure the problem, the landlord is entitled to file and serve a Summons and Complaint for Unlawful Detainer. After this notice has been served, the tenant has up to 14 days to respond for rent non-payment and seven days for all other matters. If the tenant fails to respond, the judge will decide in the landlord’s favor.

A Potential Hearing

If a tenant objects or responds to the notice, a hearing will take place before a judge, in which both parties will be given a chance to explain their side of the issue. However, it is ultimately incumbent on the landlord to show that the notice was served lawfully, and the tenant is in violation of their duty.

A Decision will be Made

The tenant will be given seven days to appeal a judgment that is in favor of the landlord. After the seven-day appeal period lapses, the landlord can acquire a Writ of Possession. Subsequently, a sheriff may forcibly evict the tenant.

Tenant May Still Appeal the Decision

If the tenant chooses to appeal the decision, they may remain on the premises but must pay rent during this process.

Disposing of Possessions

In case the tenant loses the appeal and leaves possessions within the premises, the law requires landlords to wait for 14 days before disposing of the tenant’s belongings.

Legal Assistance by Experienced Alabama Real Estate Attorneys

There exists a relatively drawn-out eviction process in Alabama. Landlords may have to spend weeks or months as well as significant resources to get a tenant evicted from their property. Therefore, working out a solution with the tenant is the most efficient route to eviction.

Upon realizing that the landlord does not want them on the property, tenants are often willing to leave. Sadly, the landlord may be left with no choice but to pursue legal action if a tenant is unwilling to vacate the premises or arrive at an agreement.

If you are a landlord in Alabama, it is best to have a seasoned lawyer on retainer. The experienced attorneys at Davis, Bingham, Hudson, Bucker, P.C., can educate you on your rights before you rent out your property, rather than after it is rented when your rights become constrained. Call (334) 821-6335 today to speak to an attorney.

What Are the Requirements for an AL Residential Real Estate Transaction?

Purchasing a home is usually the single largest investment in one’s life. Therefore, we tend to safeguard the property and seriously contemplate decisions that potentially affect its value. When buying and selling residential real estate, many homeowners in Alabama choose to work with a realtor and a residential real estate lawyer to help them effectively navigate the process, its hardships and challenges, and to maximize their return on this substantial investment.

Residential Real Estate Transactions in AL from the Perspective of a Buyer or Seller

The buyer and seller involved in an AL residential real estate transaction must sign a written land contract to complete the transaction. After that, the buyer is given a specific duration to perform a title search on the real estate and to acquire financing to pay for the home. A closing is the next step.

When a real estate transaction is closed in Alabama, a real estate deed passes the ownership rights from the seller to the buyer. In real estate transaction closings, the buyer pays the seller the mutually agreed purchase price, and the seller transfers the keys, deed, and legal ownership of the residential property to the buyer. The final step is the real estate deed recordation by the buyer or their representative, likely a residential real estate lawyer in Alabama.

The Role of an AL Residential Real Estate Attorney

Both buyers and sellers can benefit from the legal expertise of AL residential real estate attorneys, who play a vital role throughout the real estate transactions right from pre-sale to post-sale.

Alabama real estate lawyers can help parties in reading, analyzing, and understanding real estate contracts to ensure that their legal rights and other interests are appropriately protected. Aspects such as the resolution of liens and other matters arising during real estate transactions are effectively handled by these legal professionals to ensure that the properties are transferred with a free and clear title.

Real estate attorneys can recommend home inspectors for undertaking the necessary inspection pre-closing. A residential real estate lawyer or a member of their legal team will usually attend the property closing. Lawyers and their teams ensure that all closing paperwork is complete and in the correct order. If any problems arise, they can take measures to troubleshoot and eliminate any obstacles that may prevent a smooth closing.

After the closing is complete, the real estate lawyer will ensure the proper recordation of the property deed. These legal professionals are proficient at managing post-sale litigation for aspects such as:

  • Product defects
  • Boundary, border, easement, and right-of-way conflicts
  • Foreclosures
  • Short sales
  • Contract preparation, negotiation, and amendment

Closing Checklist

Real estate transaction closings involve various important documents. Many of the following documents must be completed before the closing:

  • A copy of the signed contract, including all addendums
  • Full contact details of all parties involved, including realtors, buyers, and sellers
  • Complete contact details for all brokers, bankers, and lenders
  • HOA contact details and guidelines
  • All information on the loan payoff for the seller, including account numbers, information on the loan, and buyers’ social security numbers
  • Home inspection results, if required
  • Home warranty details, if applicable
  • Copies of deeds, wills, mortgages, trusts, Powers of Attorney, or other paperwork pertaining to the transaction
  • Buyer’s hazard insurance agency contract details
  • Approval letter for one or both parties for the use of a Power of Attorney during the transaction
  • A copy of the Termite Letter, if required
  • A comprehensive list of repairs to be completed prior to the closing and/or invoices for repairs, if applicable

All of the above applicable documents must be available before the signing of a real estate deal. Both parties must present the following at the time of closing:

  • Valid driver’s license for the purposes of identification
  • Tax ID information and/or social security number of the buyer and seller
  • Approved, original, and notarized Power of Attorney

Consult a Committed Alabama Residential Real Estate Attorney Today

The experienced residential real estate attorneys at the law offices of Davis, Bingham, Hudson, Buckner, P.C. represent clients throughout the real estate transaction process. We review, evaluate, analyze, negotiate, and modify real estate contracts to make sure that our clients’ best interests are fully protected.

Our skilled legal team can help you address any problems, pitfalls, or challenges that arise during the real estate transaction, such as with liens, the title search process, or with repairs necessary after a home inspection.

The seasoned residential real estate lawyers at Davis, Bingham, Hudson, Buckner, P.C. will assist you in navigating the entire transaction and work alongside other real estate professionals, such as title examiners and realtors. For any assistance with real estate transactions, call today (334) 821-1908 to speak to a competent residential real estate attorney.


How is The Coronavirus Affecting the Real Estate Market?

The real estate market across the country is bracing for an unpredictable season following the economic challenges created by the Covid-19 pandemic. Some analysts are of the view that extremely low costs of borrowing may not be enough to attract home buyers until the current climate of economic uncertainty begins to improve.


The job market that had been going all guns blazing has come to a screeching halt, which could set the stage for a sluggish housing market in 2020. However, housing sales is not the only challenge for real estate agents and investors right now, but also a host of commercial and legal issues may also need to be addressed going forward.


Mortgage Modifications


As many economists and large financial institutions are expecting the economy to go through a recessionary phase, the job losses across the country may mount further before the business and economy begin to stabilize. When people get laid off or their business gets shut down, they may quickly start missing their mortgage payments.


Lenders will have to facilitate mortgage modification programs requiring homeowners to repay their loans in smaller monthly installments. Experienced mortgage modification attorneys can assist homeowners in negotiating with their lenders for more conducive and manageable mortgage payment plans in the new economic scenario triggered by the coronavirus.


Impact on Existing Real Estate Sales Contracts


Many real estate buyers and sellers who have already entered into a contract may be wondering whether they could terminate the contract citing Covid-19 as an “Act of God” or in a situation where they are directly affected by coronavirus illness or quarantine. In these cases, it is best to consult with a real estate attorney who will assess the terms of the contract and provide appropriate legal advice.


A standard residential real estate sales contract is not likely to have a provision for termination of the contract due to a pandemic situation. The contract typically will have a clause that allows termination of the contract by one party if the other party fails to meet the conditions of the contract.


A reasonable solution may be for both parties to mutually agree to an extension of the closing date because of Covid-19 related illness, quarantine, local lockdown or shelter-in-place orders. A knowledgeable real estate lawyer can advise how to maneuver an extension in carrying out the legal obligations under the contract due to the pandemic.


Protection against Real Estate Fraud


During times of stress and uncertainty, fraudsters are the first ones to start taking advantage of individuals and businesses by perpetrating sophisticated scams, including real estate transaction frauds. They may send offers of distress sales of prime real estate at attractive prices, and ask for advance payments, or present fake documentation to lay an elaborate trap.


It is prudent in these times to exercise more caution than usual, and scrutinize the claims, offers and documentation offered by an unknown party. Any personal data or financial information should not be provided without first being sure that you are dealing with a legitimate buyer, seller or broker.


Real estate transactions involve large amounts, and it makes sense to have strong representation from a real estate attorney. They will be on your side and will protect your interests and your rights at every step of your deal. That is the kind of assurance and security you should have, particularly in the wake of the complications arising from the prevailing Covid-19 crisis.


Legal Advice on the Risks of Racial Discrimination


Covid-19 is an infectious disease, and when the origin of such diseases is associated with a certain geography or population, it can lead to unfortunate situations where a party gets wittingly or unwittingly charged with discriminatory behavior.


In the times of coronavirus illness, landlords, property managers, real estate agents and brokers as well as investors should be conscious about their legal obligations under state laws as well as the Fair Housing Act. No such action should be taken that gets perceived as discriminatory against particular segment of the society or an ethnic group.


While you are free to ask prospective clients, tenants, or associates whether they have recently traveled to areas with high risk of exposure to Covid-19, you have to be uniform in this type of screening for all potential candidates or prospects. And based on their responses, you should treat all parties equally.


It is best to consult with a seasoned real estate attorney who can help you cover all the legal bases in this unprecedented situation that has occurred due to a global pandemic.


Astute Legal Guidance is Available for You

Davis, Bingham, Hudson & Buckner, P.C. is one of the premier law firms in the greater Auburn community in Alabama for commercial and residential real estate transactions. For nearly four decades, we have been providing dependable and highest quality professional services to individuals, families and businesses.


We have the skills and the resources to get some of the most complicated matters resolved, especially with regards to real estate closings. To schedule a consultation with one of our real estate lawyers, call us today at (334) 821-1908.


What is The Process for Obtaining a Zoning Variance in AL?

If your business is different from the specified zoning use of a particular area, you may require a zoning variance. In these kinds of cases, a variance will be necessary regardless of whether you want to buy, lease, or build.

You may want to, say, run a construction business in an area zoned for retail outlets. To do this, you may need to contact the local zoning or planning board to request an exception (variance) to the current zoning type prior to proceeding to open your business.

A variance refers to a zoning restriction that allows the land to be used for purposes other than the stipulations of the zoning for that area. A locality may give variances for enterprises that present valid reasons for requiring the variance and those that can demonstrate that the variance will not reduce property values or cause interference with the use of the property by local residents.

Sometimes you may have to present your case before the municipal government or city council.

Zoning Permits and Variances

A zoning permit allows a property to be used for something other than the designated use by the property’s zoning, as long as the enterprise does not negatively impact the neighborhood. It is similar to a zoning variance. A zoning permit or variance may be necessary for various situations that may alter the zoning classification of the property as follows:

  • If you are involved in the construction or modification of a building that may alter its classification
  • If you desire to change the use of an existing building to another zoning classification
  • If you want to construct on vacant land
  • If you want to alter the use of land to another zoning type
  • If you want to bring about any change in a non-conforming use, i.e., changing the zoning requirements of a building that had earlier been “grandfathered” from following the current zoning requirements

A skilled commercial real estate lawyer can take you through the process of acquiring a zoning permit or variance. Before you can commence construction or use the edifice for business purposes, you must obtain a permit or variance from the zoning or planning board.

Home-Based Enterprises

To start a home-based business in a residential area, an entrepreneur may have to obtain a zoning variance, depending on the kind of home business that they plan to run. They may also need to acquire the permission of neighbors prior to commencing their home-based business.

For instance, a couple has a lovely Victorian home where they want to start bed and breakfast. They have guests coming to their residence but restrict it to one booking at a time. In this case, they will need to apply to the city to acquire a variance as the zoning of the property is residential.

In addition, they must get the permission of their neighbors to run this hospitality operation. Finally, they will need to submit the permissions to the city zoning board and seek approval.

In your town or city, the process may be different. Therefore, it is a good idea to check with your locality and inform them that you intend to operate a home business and abide by the regulations. Obtaining a variance can be expensive and time-consuming. More often than not, variances are denied. Ensure that you will be able to get the variance that you need before signing a lease agreement or sales contract on a business location.

Conditional Use Permits

Conditional use permits are similar to variances in that they allow a different use for the property than the zoning code allows. These permits are typically granted at a public hearing in front of a political body, often with the understanding that the property’s new use will be beneficial to the public.

Eminent Domain

The power of the government to take over private property for public use is known as eminent domain. Traditional government endeavors of building public facilities and roads are examples of public use.

In cases where the government zones a part of a property such that the owner is unable to use the piece of land effectively anymore, eminent domain may apply. The property owner may be able to claim compensation as the government has acquired the land.

Consult an Experienced Real Estate Attorney for Zoning Changes and Variances

Zoning changes and variances can either open up unforeseen opportunities for using your property or have disastrous consequences. It is best to consult a legal expert before attempting to address these issues on your own.

The seasoned real estate attorneys at the law offices of Davis, Bingham, Hudson, Bucker, P.C. have a detailed understanding of the complex laws surrounding zoning changes and variances and can guide you on the steps necessary for obtaining a change in property-use for your specific case. For an in-depth case review with a skilled real estate attorney, call today at (334) 821-1908. 

What to Expect at Your Real Estate Closing in AL?

Closing is the last and final step in a real estate transaction, during which the seller receives the proceeds from the sale and the buyer becomes the legal owner of the property.

What to Expect at a Closing If You Are the Seller

A day or two before the closing, you should make sure that all the contingencies listed in the contract are fulfilled. For example, if you agreed to repair or replace something, you need to get it done at least two days before the day of closing.

The day before the date of closing, the buyer – along with their agent or real estate attorney – will do a final walkthrough and inspect the property to make sure it is exactly in the same condition as described in the contract.

On the day of closing, you need to sign a number of documents to transfer the ownership of your property to the buyer. These include the deed, the settlement statement, and the closing statement.

In addition to this, you will have to sign the following documents.

  • A name affidavit in order to attest to your identity and prove that you are indeed who you claim to be.
  • Tax and utility receipts.
  • Proration agreements which specify the housing costs owed by both parties (you and the buyer). For example, if you are selling your property in March, but have already paid property taxes and homeowner association fees for the whole year, the buyer is required to reimburse you for 75% of the bills you paid.

Once you sign all the documents, you are required to hand over all the keys, devices that control various appliances, and the passwords to the security system to the buyer. At the end of the closing process, you will receive the proceeds from the sale of your property.

What to Expect at a Closing If You Are a Buyer

A day before the closing, you need to do a final walkthrough to make sure that all the contingencies listed in the contract are met. You need to check if the property is clean, all the doors and windows are intact, all the repairs and replacements have been made as stipulated in the contract, and if all the mechanical and electrical appliances are in proper working condition.

The importance of a home inspection cannot be overstated, especially in Alabama, where real estate transactions are governed by the ‘caveat emptor’ doctrine.

The doctrine states that sellers in Alabama are not legally required to disclose all the details about the condition of their property. So, it is up to you – the buyer – to inspect the property carefully and find out if there are any cosmetic or structural defects that need to be repaired before you can move in.

On the day of closing, you need to sign a number of documents including the deed, bill of sale, truth in lending statement, mortgage agreement and note, monthly payment letter, and transfer tax declaration.

You will also have to pay the closing costs and a number of other fees. The mode of payment can be a cashier’s check or a wire transfer, depending on the preferences of all the parties involved.

What If the Seller Is Unable to Move Out Before the Closing Date?

Generally, the seller is required to move out of the property a few days before the closing date, as specified in the contract. If they are unable to do so for any reason, they can negotiate with the buyer and enter into what is called post-closing possession agreement.

Under the agreement, the seller can live in the property for a short period of time – which can range from a few days to a few weeks – in exchange for a daily or weekly rent. At the end of the term, the seller is required to move out. Not all buyers, however, might agree to this kind of an arrangement.

Why You Need a Real Estate Attorney by Your Side

Whether you are a buyer or a seller, it is essential for you to have an experienced real estate attorney by your side during the closing process. Under Alabama law, all the documents needed for a real estate transaction must be drafted, prepared, and reviewed only by a real estate attorney who is licensed to practice law in the state.

Moreover, an attorney can negotiate and re-negotiate with the other party on your behalf, assist you with the pre-sale home inspection, make sure the other party does not make any unreasonable demands, and also make sure that your rights and interests are not violated or transgressed upon by any party at any time during the transaction.

Qualified Real Estate Attorneys in Alabama

The experienced real estate attorneys at Davis, Bingham, Hudson, & Buckner P.C. have decades of experience in handling residential and commercial real estate transactions. We can skillfully guide you through the process of buying, selling, renting, and leasing real estate properties and ensure that your rights and interests are protected at each step.

You can contact our real estate attorneys at 334-821-1908 for a free consultation.

Three Legal Issues to Consider Before Listing Your Home for Sale

When it comes to real estate, Alabama is considered a seller-friendly state. This is thanks to the ‘caveat emptor’ doctrine. The doctrine allows you to sell your home without disclosing every single detail about the physical condition of your property. In this article, we will take a detailed look at the caveat emptor doctrine and the three important legal issues you need to be aware of while selling your home.

How Does the Caveat Emptor Doctrine Work?

Caveat emptor is a Latin phrase which stands for ‘let the buyer beware’. It is basically a disclaimer which is used in transactions where products or services are bought, sold, or exchanged between two or more parties.

In Alabama, the sale of residential properties is governed by the doctrine of caveat emptor, which means the seller is not legally obligated to disclose all the details about the physical condition of the property they are trying to sell. On the contrary, it is the responsibility of the buyer to inspect the property carefully, find out if there are any defects, and determine if the property is worth buying.

Most other states in the country require sellers to disclose every known detail about their property – in writing – before they sell it to someone. In this aspect, Alabama stands out from the rest, which is certainly good news if you are a seller. At the same time, the caveat emptor doctrine does not give you a free pass to sell your property to someone without revealing any information whatsoever.

There are three exceptions to the caveat emptor doctrine which you need to be aware of if you are planning to list your home for sale:

1. The Fiduciary Relationship Exception

If the relationship between you and the buyer can be described as ‘fiduciary’ – wherein you are legally obligated to act in the buyer’s best interest – you are not allowed to withhold certain kinds of information, especially if doing so might harm the buyer’s interests.

For example, let us assume that you are a doctor and the buyer is a patient of yours. If the buyer is allergic to cedar wood, and if the doors, windows, or closets in the house you are planning to sell are made of cedar wood, you cannot withhold the information from the buyer as doing so might be a breach of your fiduciary duty towards them.

Similarly, if you happen to be the financial advisor of the buyer and if you know that the cost of repairing and refurbishing your house is likely to be much higher than its resale value, you are legally obligated to disclose the information to the buyer prior to the sale.

If you have any kind of professional relationship with a potential buyer – wherein the buyer pays you for your services – it’s a good idea to consult a lawyer and find out if your relationship can be described as fiduciary in nature.

2. The Health and Safety Risk Exception

If there are any defects in your house that could post a threat to the buyer’s health and safety, you are required to disclose the details of the same prior to the sale.

For example, you are supposed to inform the buyer of the presence of hazards like asbestos, lead paint, and black mold. Similarly, if your house has major structural defects – weak foundation, damaged roof, or a severely damaged attic that could give way at any time – you are legally obligated to disclose the details to the buyer.

3. The Direct Question Exception

If a potential buyer asks you a direct question regarding the presence of a safety hazard or a structural defect in your house, you are not allowed to evade the question or lie about it for any reason.

Potential Consequences of Suppressing Information from the Buyer

If you fail to disclose certain information about your property to the buyer, despite the fact that you have a fiduciary relationship with the buyer or if you know that withholding the information can pose a serious threat to the health and safety of the buyer and their family, the buyer can take legal action against you and seek damages from you.

Similarly, if you lie about a defect in your house despite being asked about it – and if the buyer or any of their family members suffer an injury or develop a health problem as a result of it – you can be charged with misrepresentation, suppression of material facts, negligence, or fraud, depending on the circumstances.

Residential Real Estate Services in Alabama

If you are thinking of selling your home, it is a good idea to have an experienced real estate attorney by your side as they can make sure that you are not in violation of the legal doctrine that governs the sale of residential properties in Alabama.

The residential real estate lawyers at Davis, Bingham, Hudson, & Buckner, P.C. can help you with the sale of your property, let you know what kind of details you should reveal to the buyer, and provide all other types of legal guidance with real property transactions. Call our office today at 334-821-1908 or message us online to schedule a consultation with one of our attorneys.

What is The Current State of Residential Home Building?

Residential home building activity has consistently increased year-over-year across Alabama for the last three years. In 2018, the sales of newly constructed residential buildings grew six percent compared to 2017.

In general, the new residential home building market in Alabama grew faster than the country as a whole in 2018. The same growth trends for home construction industry have also continued in 2019.

New Residential Construction Inventory on the Rise

In 2018, even though the aggregate number of homes listed for sale in Alabama trended downward (in sync with the national trends), new residential construction inventory continued to grow in the state. As a representative sample, if we take the data for one month (February 2018), it shows that 3,138 new residential construction units were listed for sale in Alabama.

This represented an increase of 1.9 percent from the previous month, and a substantial jump of 20.9 percent compared to the same period from a year ago. During February 2018, as many as 301,000 new home construction units were listed for sale across the US. This represented an increase of 1.4 percent from the previous month and a rise of 16.2 percent compared to the same period from a year ago. 

Clearly, Alabama was staying ahead of the national trends in terms of new residential home building. Also, during the same representative month, Alabama’s new home construction market had a supply of 6.2 months, compared to 5.9 months of supply across the US. In terms of pricing, Alabama showed more favorable trends towards the buyers of new homes.

The median sales price for newly constructed homes in 2018 in Alabama was $224,470, which was slightly lower than the prices in 2017. On a national scale, however, the median sales prices witnessed a marginal increase.

Increased Number of New Home Building Permits

Housing starts and building permits are early signs of activity in the new residential home construction market. These trends are also useful in estimating the general economic climate, because the housing market is often one of the first sectors to see a boom or bust when the economy expands or contracts.

New housing permit data reveals that Alabama’s new residential home building market has been growing at a faster pace than the country as a whole. The US Census Bureau considers the beginning of excavation for the foundation or footings of a building as the start of construction activity. On the other hand, the Alabama Center for Real Estate looks at building permit data to determine the project housing starts. 

Housing starts and building permits have been growing in Alabama, which is encouraging news for the new residential construction industry as well as the state’s economy going forward.

Estimates for the Foreseeable Future

According to construction industry experts, several market segments for new home building activity are likely to remain robust. Older millennials, for instance, are upgrading in significant numbers from their first homes.

In 2020, they are estimated to make up more than 45 percent of mortgages. For anyone associated with the real estate or construction business, or someone who is looking to buy or sell their home, this is a good time to be in the market.

Alabama has generally seen appreciation in home values in 2019. Average home values during this year grew by 5.9 percent, and they are expected to rise another 3.5 percent in 2020. In the current scenario, residential homes are available on average for three and a half months on the market before they get sold out.

Although the new home building market in Alabama has favored buyers over the last few years, a gradual shift is now taking place. The demand is on the rise and the inventory levels are reducing, which favors the sellers.

At 3.7 percent, the unemployment level in the state is currently below the national average as industries continue to expand. Employment in Alabama has increased year on year in the leisure and hospitality, information, trade, and transportation and utilities sectors.

Consult with a Dedicated Alabama Home Building Law Firm

Davis, Bingham, Hudson & Buckner, P.C. is one of the experienced and reputable construction and real estate law firms serving East Alabama for more than four decades.

Whether you are a contractor or builder seeking professional guidance and support against claims, or an individual homeowner or home buyer in need of legal advice, our attorneys have the knowledge and skills to effectively handle your case. To learn more, call us at (334) 821-1908 or contact us online for a consultation.